3. Southern Europe

1.1. Portugal

Beneficiaries: 9

Braga

In Braga, the following measures would be financed:

  • Collection and processing of aerial image data for the calculation of solar energy, considering factors such as roof inclination, orientation, and sunlight blocking by other buildings.
  • Development of a solar map to evaluate and calculate the solar potential of buildings, where it is possible to carry out various investment simulations according to consumption, hourly occupation and the panel ideal location.
  • Evaluation and identification of the best buildings where a combination of solar panels and bio-roofs would be viable. This would consider the receiving solar energy,
  • the inclination of the roof and its area. Bio-roofs not only promote biodiversity and reduce the surrounding temperature, but they also increase the solar panel’s efficiency by preventing overheating.
  • Publication of the results in an intuitive and easy to access platform, allowing the constituents to easily consult their building’s Bio-Solar potential, as well as tools to test any solar investment in their homes.

Cascais

The intended measures focus on installing 184 MW of photovoltaic solar energy, representing a total generation of 213 GWh per year, or 24% of the total electricity consumption within the municipality. With a decentralized energy production and consumption based on self-sufficiency (when possible), the development of innovative smart grids is also considered.

Guarda

The intended measures on this investment concept to be financed are the creation of a district heating network for the five municipalities in the application. This district heating shall be powered by a combined heat and power (CHP) plant.

The combined heat and power shall be a 50 MW plant that will have a co-generation ratio for electricity of 5:1 and can also self-sustain the electricity needed for the plant. Also, such a system shall be powered by the existent biomass and bio-waste from the region. Such a system will allow not only to increase efficiency in the heating systems, but also to replace old wood combustion at households that have very low efficiency.

Furthermore, such a district heating system, has the capacity, later on, to be adapted for a district heating and cooling system. This can be important for a preliminary evaluation and to understand if it would be feasible to have this improvement in the future.

Guimarães
 

Guimarães aims to create a solid investment project to build an interconnected and energy-efficient city, focusing on community-based renewable energy, electric mobility and energy poverty. As such, the following technical measures will be financed:

  • Installation of 20 000 LED lights and implementation of smart grids in key points of the public lightning network, which will allow for a more efficient public lighting system uniformly across the Municipality
  • Development of Renewable Energy Communities (RECs) in 5 industrial parks and social housing neighbourhoods, installing 50MW of PV solar power
  • Installation of 500 electric mobility charging stations across the RECs and the ECO Pathway of 50 km, as well as an integrated management system.
  • Implementation of EE measures and technologies in social housing neighbourhoods, aiming to improve buildings efficiency, while improving living conditions of those in more adverse contexts, covering 7000 households, and consisting of thermal.

Porto

Porto, within its vision for climate neutrality and under SECAP 2030 identified the following key measures (non-exhaustive):

  • Public buildings' renovation: EE in public buildings and facilities.
  • Street lighting: Remote management system in the city SL (26000 LED fixtures);
  • Social housing renovation: EE in buildings, reducing energy poverty.
  • Porto solar: 2 MW of self-consumption (SC) in schools and municipal buildings.
  • Renewable energy communities: 6 MW of PV for SC in social housing.
  • Water facilities PV: Installation of 1.8 MWp of PV for SC in water reservoirs.
  • Municipal fleet: renovate the fleet with electrical vehicles, through a renting system.
  • Bicycle path: Improve the city cycling paths foreseen in SEAP, removing 4600 people from private vehicles.
  • EV charger installation (100).

Sintra

Based on audits and smart metering of municipal buildings, a model will be created for the characterization and integrated optimization of energy uses. This model will produce several fundable intervention proposals, whose individual implementation contributes to the global objective of carbon neutrality and energy self-sufficiency in each intervention building.

Different interventions will be considered, to be defined according to the characteristics of each building and open to any opportunities for funding that are available, such as energy efficiency and renewable production using different energy sources (solar, biomass, hydrogen, others), with possible creation of energy communities;

The project will leverage interventions that simultaneously promote a more circular economy, either through the reuse and/or use of water, or through the use of biomass resulting from forest management in the municipality (if applicable), water efficiency and/ or reuse, for example.

Torres Vedras Municipality

Different technologies will be involved all along with the three Structural Projects: 1. Renewable Energy Communities, 2. Energy Management in Municipal Building and 3. Green Public Road Transports, such as the following (non-exhaustive):

  • Photovoltaic panels and Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)
  • Inverters, convert the electric energy produced by the direct current photovoltaic panels to alternating current;
  • Instantaneous counting and monitoring system for the energy produced with GPS
  • Management, Monitoring and Control Equipment
  • Sensor for energy efficiency in municipal buildings and weather stations
  • Interoperable tools: Energy network management services; Power flow monitoring; Demand and supply matching; Predictive DR algorithms; Analytics cross-domain Big Data; Forecasting tools
  • Renewable power generation and H&C systems, 8.HVAC solutions for Municipal Buildings
  • Green Hydrogen Electrolyser (10 MW)

Vila Nova de Famalicão

Famalicão has a long history of energy cooperatives, dating back to 1930. Capitalizing on the City’s history, and in line with the Paris Agreement, Famalicão developed a roadmap for carbon neutrality before 2030, creating a baseline for the promotion of equal access to sustainable energy, as well as for the creation of community-based renewable energy production and a sound electrical mobility network.

Through the creation of a Municipal Energy Efficiency Fund (which would aggregate the current program “Casa Feliz” for disadvantaged households), the city aims to invest in the installation of energy-efficient equipment in 10 000 households, which would represent a total of 23 GWh/y in energy savings. In addition, the project aims to install 120 MW of photovoltaic solar energy, representing a total generation of 193 GWh/year and a reduction of 53733 tCO2eq/y in CO2 emissions. Finally, the project will invest in an expanded electrical mobility network, promoting intermodality in the city.

Vila Nova de Gaia

The investment project will be focused on two main topics: electrical mobility and renewable energy production through a community-based approach. As such, the following technical measures will be financed:

1.    Implementation of Urban Renewable Energy Communities and the installation of 130 MW of photovoltaic solar energy, representing a total generation of 209 GWh per year. This will strengthen the transition to fully renewable-based energy production in the city.

2.    Investing in electric mobility innovative solution in the Municipality, by creating intermodal spaces with 1000 charging stations across several key locations and ideally powered by the energy communities

These measures aim to reduce 68 172 t CO2 emissions.

With community-based energy production, the development of innovative smart grids is also considered in the project. As such, it is imperative to assess the conversion models for future energy distribution and power needs, including the foresight for electric mobility.

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1.2. Spain

Beneficiaries: 9

Alcorcón

REC-A will become the springboard to propel the energy transition across the municipality. Through PV and ESS assets installed in public, residential and industrial building, the project will increase the share of renewables consumed and the energy efficiency of the municipality. PV and ESS assets will be installed in public, residential and industrial buildings. In public buildings, energy efficiency measures will be put in place (i.e. envelope retrofitting, replacement of HVAC assets), adding also a layer of intelligence (i.e. sensors, actuators, BMS, etc.). Likewise, energy efficiency measures and PV retrofitting in the industry will take place, after removing asbestos presence on rooftops. Besides, a community battery will be installed to provide flexibility and enable the community to participate in the Spanish ancillary services market. Actions on urban mobility will be also deployed: EV charging points, new EV/HEV float, etc. Also, logistic centres will be created to facilitate charging infrastructure towards 100% electric “last mile” delivery.

Concello de As Pontes de García Rodríguez

This investment concept will be about renewable electricity generation, using solar photovoltaic, low wind and small hydro technologies. All energy resources are available within the municipality. For photovoltaic energy, the roofs of municipal buildings, industrial buildings and residential buildings are used. The other measures are as follows:

  • Energy storage: Lithium batteries, micro-hydro pumped storage power plants.
  • Green hydrogen generation: through surplus renewable electricity. Possibility of injecting surpluses into the natural gas grid.
  • Promotion of electric mobility: Installation of recharging points. Mobile applications to activate and pay for vehicle charging with renewable energy.
  • Demand management: Smart distribution network. Blockchain and mobile applications to know the generation and consumption status of each CLER participant.
  • Renewable thermal generation: Biomass district heating. Promotion of local energy crops that will function as CO2 capture.

Consell Comarcal Osona (public entity)

The project aims to reduce 40% of GHG emissions (baseline year 2019) through these measures.

  • Heat (52% GHG emissions reduction) achieved via district heating systems fed by forest biomass, small geothermal systems for single houses and buildings, standard house energy rehabilitation, hydrogen from PV power to supply industrial high-temperature heat, and biogas obtained from farms.
  • Electricity (64% GHG emissions reduction) through PV farms and residential roofs, and industrial energy efficiency actions.
  • Mobility (20 % GHG emissions reduction) via incentives to electric mobility, charging stations.

Lleida

In Lleida, the investment concept will delve into the refurbishment of the most inefficient neighbourhoods’ areas. Measures that would be foreseen are the following:

  • Enhancement heating and cooling systems, on existing climate installations

Implementation of low-cost energy-saving measures in neighbourhood communities (LED, remote energy management, programmers…)

  • Photovoltaic installations in multifamily buildings to achieve collective electricity self-consumption.
  • Large photovoltaics installations, on industry and service sectors covers, and public available soils.
  • Installation of domestic electric charging points for sustainable mobility
  • Integral management systems for local community production- consumption- storage balance throughout smart grid technology development.

Logroño, La Rioja

The concept will finance PV installations on suitable public parking areas and municipal and residential rooftops within the city. The aim is to consume as much generated solar power as possible at a local level for 1) cooling and heating in residential communities and municipal buildings and 2) powering (public and private) electric vehicles. This significantly extended solar power generation enables the implementation of a smart grid management system together with demand-side response measures. This investment guarantees adequate management of demand and supply and the maximization of local clean electricity consumption.

Charging of electric vehicles will be incorporated with incentives (e.g. free charging during peak sunshine hours), contributing to the stability of the grid. The transformation of the mobility sector and a shift towards consuming clean electricity will come after supporting the purchase of electric vehicles for both citizens and the city.

Malaga

Development and implementation of photovoltaic solar parks on municipal land, which use the Power Purchase Agreement model for virtual self-consumption. The targeted sector is Building integrated renewables.

Olot (Girona)

Measures involve substantial building renovation to achieve significant energy efficiency (EE) improvements with a user centred approach sensitive to user motivations (which tend to focus more on health and wellbeing than on EE). Targeted sectors include Building integrated renewables and  Residential buildings.

Pamplona

Under the Energy Transition and Climate Change Strategy (ETEyCC2030), Pamplona will replicate successful models for RES integration in buildings to build Positive Energy Districts (PEDs) triggered by local energy communities based on energy efficiency, local renewable energy generation embedded in Smart Districts, energy flexibility and sustainable mobility.

Solar energy communities and biomass district heating will be the main sources for electricity and heating in PEDs. Internal mobility will be reduced and EV infrastructure will be implemented based on PV generation. PEDs are included in the 2030 Urban Agenda, which includes the ETEyCC2030, ensuring energy aspects are integrated into urban planning.

One-stop-shops will be set up in the PEDs after the experience of the EFIDistrict project to ensure the involvement of citizens, business and public sector for the uptake of innovative mixed financial schemes, being the Municipality the driver and multiplier of local energy investments.

Rivas Vaciamadrid

Rivas GEC is the tool to move on towards the positive district concept. The project aims to increase the share of renewables consumed, as well as impact the overall town energy efficiency. PV generation and energy storage assets will be installed in public, residential and industrial buildings. In public buildings, energy efficiency measures will be put in place (i.e. envelope retrofitting, replacement of HVAC assets), adding also a layer of intelligence (i.e. sensors, actuators, BMS, etc.). Likewise, a community battery will be installed to provide flexibility and enable the community to participate in the Spanish ancillary services market. Actions on urban mobility will be also deployed: EV charging points will be installed, new fleet of EV/HEV buses, etc. Together with an aggregation management platform to handle the assets and optimise the community performance, a retailer in the form of a cooperative will be promoted by the municipality to act as a market agent on behalf of the Rivas GEC.

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1.3. Italy

Beneficiaires: 7

Carmignano di Brenta

Some technological measures of this project are:

  • Agriculture analysis for the identification of the crops produced and usable in the co-generation process.
  • Development of the prototype for the co-generation machinery to produce electric and thermal power from agricultural waste
  • Gas emissions analysis, considered as the identification of emission standards and related firing and filtration systems
  • Chemical analysis of the waste of the co-generation process, to understand how to reintroduce them in the cycle as fertilizers in a circular economy (as fertilizers)
  • Study and development of a supply chain to link all the different phases of the cycle, such as agricultural waste production, collection, distribution, etc.

Castel San Pietro Terme


The project foresees to realise investment and manage the sustainable mobility of the APEA industrial district including Metrobus service for the companies, integrated ticket to use different mobility services, Smart Bus stations, creation of bicycle paths, electric charging stations, bike sharing and car sharing services, car-pooling platform etc.

Comune di Assisi

The city will set up two One-Stop Shops (OSS) for Energy and the technical cell of the municipality will set up two One-Stop Shops (OSS) for Energy and Environment to support citizens and companies for the improvement of building energy efficiency, PV installation, the fuel switching from diesel and liquid gas to natural gas, and the use of renewable sources. Particular attention will be paid to the use of technical solutions which do not undermine the protection of the historic value of the city. These OSS will have the task of organising the annual meeting to communicate the progress of the SECAP (Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans) and the target reached.

Isola Vicentina


The technology measures include energy web-GIS upgrade, structuring of a digital abacus, streamlining of the bureaucracy and online support service, business model of the “standard neighbourhood”, new online system to grant and gain tax credits under the supervision of the Local Authority and creation of a standard contract to introduce ESCOs in the local market.

Pinerolo

The technology measures are related to energy efficiency improvement to the building envelope and building system including insulation systems for external walls, roof and ceiling, new windows, new heat generator, gas-fired small boilers, smart meters, building automation. Integrated renewable power plants (PV) on public buildings and connected with storages and smart grid, LED technologies, replacement of public buses with new electric or hydrogen vehicles, electric recharging grid and new bicycle lanes will be also considered.

Ravenna (Alfonsine)


The investment concept will set up a moderate & deep retrofitting strategy of buildings reducing up to 60% primary energy by applying an EPC scheme through renewables integrated in buildings, district heating, innovative energy infrastructures in residential and public buildings.

Reggio Emilia

The development of renewable energies is essential to reduce CO2 emissions. The introduction of technologies based on the coupling of Solid Oxide Electrolysis/Solid Oxide Fuel Cells in the biogas sector allows using excess electricity from renewable sources (solar, wind) and convert CO2 and H2O wasted from biogas into syngas (CO / H2). The syngas is easy to store and convert into additional electrical energy (SOFC) when requested.

The investment concept aims to optimise the waste resource generated from eight existing biogas plants that use biomass waste feedstock from the local area to produce additional electrical energy by installing eight SOEC/SOFC modules and eight photovoltaic modules. The added modules optimise and expand the production of electricity.

The investment includes technologies eligible according to the New EIB 2019 energy lending policy, focusing on the topic: Production and storage of gaseous, liquid and solid energy carriers from low-carbon energy sources.

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1.4. Greece

Beneficiaires: 1

Municipality of Thermi

The investment project aims at promoting cost-effective technologies, fostering the major renovation of the buildings and promoting sustainable mobility. Firstly, 48 public buildings (20 offices and 28 schools), 150 private offices and 2,000 buildings of the residential sector constructed before 2000 will be renovated. The combination of the interventions includes the insulation of the building envelope (external walls, roof and windows with double glazes), the installation of heat pumps for the coverage of heating and cooling demand, the installation of energy-efficient lighting systems and the production of renewable energy from photovoltaics for self-consumption.

Moreover, electric chargers (50 units) will be installed fostering the deployment of electric vehicles (20 light and 20 heavy-duty municipal vehicles and 1,000 passenger vehicles). The planned investments will ensure the cost-benefit achievement of the climate targets.

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1.5. Cyprus

Beneficiaries: 0

1.6 Malta

Beneficiaries:1

Isla (Cottonera)

The investment concept will focus on the on-site energy generation through the use of building integrated photovoltaic systems (BIVP) on the roofs of selected warehouses to replace asbestos roofs, as well as BIPV with a low architectural impact for the building envelope for buildings in the three localities.

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