1. Nordic countries and Western Europe

1.1. Austria

Beneficiaries: 0

1.2. Germany

Beneficiaries: 3


The Investment Concept will be focused on energy optimisation in Bottrop Fuhlenbrock/ Vonderort in order to identify the efficiency potential in the district, and then develop clear projects that can be financed. This is because a grouping of small-scale projects can generate synergy effects and cost savings by combining the purchase of materials and the handling of refurbishment, building insulation and heating replacement. A “financing by citizens” programme can create an additional benefit for (private) investors through the contribution to energy upgrades and climate resilience in the home


The technology measures to be financed include LED-lighting, heat pumps, low-carbon heat grids, photovoltaic systems, solar thermal systems, access to local renewable heat sources (e.g. geothermal drilling) and charging stations for electric vehicles and bicycles. All of these technologies shall be used in a way that is compatible with the European Investment Bank (EIB) eligibility criteria.


The aim of the investment concept is to expand the solar energy production in the region of Rostock, expanding solar parks, photovoltaic and solar thermal plants in open space.

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1.3. Netherlands

Beneficiaries: 14


In the city of Berkelland, the EUCF grant will be used to assess the possibility of ESCOs as a solution to reduce energy consumption in the housing sector. The project mainly focuses on the needs and demands of the dwellers, and this may differ per area or house. Increasing energy standards needs to coincide with an increase of comfort, healthy living programmes, poverty reduction and generation-proof housing. Making business cases viable, while safeguarding the freedom of choice for the residents regarding the degree to which they would like to be unburdened and supported by the ESCO.


In Bronckhorst, the creation of an ESCO will reduce energy consumption and, if convenient, implement heat and renewable energy solutions. It will focus on the renovation of housing to a higher energy standard: isolation, restoration, and it may include integrating renewables (e.g. solar panels) and the heating system as an integral part of the energy system of residential and public buildings, or buildings
for small businesses. In the investment concept so-called ‘linkage opportunities’ regarding the public space, traffic, circularity, climate adaptation, and biodiversity will also be considered.


Bunnik will use the EUCF grant to produce an investment concept that focuses in increasing energy standards of residential buildings via, primarily, rooftops restoration and installation of solar panel. The creation of an ESCO will be explored to enable such actions, ensuring energy consumption reduction and the implementation of heat and renewable energy solutions.

De Bilt

In the Bilt, an ESCO will aim at reducing energy consumption and, if possible, implement heat and renewable energy solutions. The investment concept, developed within the EUCF, will focus on the renovation of housing to a higher energy standard and may include integrating renewables and the heating system as an integral part of the energy system of residential and public buildings, or buildings for small businesses.

Horst aan de Maas

Intended measures to be financed include the replacing the use of natural gas for cooking and heating with sustainable electric alternatives, installation of heat pump, upgrading the energy efficiency of buildings to level B (preferably A) and installing more solar panels on roofs. Targeted sectors include Public buildings, building integrated renewables, Residential buildings and Innovative energy infrastructure.


In Epe, through a pilot in Oene, the investment concept will focus on how an ESCO can facilitate CO2 neutrality, in a collective manner in energy communities with affordable measures. The focus of the ESCO is to reduce energy consumption and implement heat and renewable energy solutions. As part of the larger network, the knowledge centre, the possibility of innovative energy infrastructure, like 5th generation heating concepts is included. The intended technology measures are: Integrating renewables (e.g. solar panels), Isolation, restoration and lastly, a heating system as an integral part of the energy system of residential and public buildings, or buildings for small businesses.


The focus here is on energy savings and also to find and implement heat and renewable energy solutions. A collective approach for investments leads to different business concepts and technical solutions. For residential areas, there is no ESCO willing to take the whole neighbourhood as a target area. Natural gas is phased out, and district heating might be a solution, depending on the level of isolation and renewable heat supply. What fits best is under research, and the resulting investment concept includes the entire energy value chain.


The increasing amount of renewable energy projects is causing overcapacity on the energy grid, risking grid malfunction. The municipality of Leeuwarden is one of the first in The Netherlands where grid challenges are causing a delay in the transition towards sustainable energy production and the development of new SMEs, specifically in Business Park De Zwette. Various business owners have shown interest in becoming sustainable, but the local grid capacity is an obstacle.

A communally-owned energy storage solution in which decentralized renewable energy generation can be stored locally to mitigate grid scarcity on De Zwette can therefore accelerate the local energy transition. Several potential technical solutions are envisaged, such as an aqua battery, variable energy storage in the vehicle fleet and /or different methods of battery. The project will identify which solution is most fitting based on the local technical, legal and financial framework.


The investment project focuses on renovation of housing to a higher energy standard: isolation, restoration, and it may include integrating renewables (e.g. solar panels) and the heating system as an integral part of the energy system of residential and public buildings, or buildings for small businesses.

Utrechtse Helvelrug

Utrecht will focus on residential buildings and their energy consumption in the 70s neighbourhood of De Hofjes. The activities will support the ageing population in improving their homes, especially where the financial possibilities are low. Focusing on energy savings will make the neighbourhood ready for an alternative heating system based on renewable energy. The ageing population creates financing challenges for which an innovative investment construct is needed. The solution of an ESCO will be investigated with particular attention to the governance structure.


In Voorst, the investment concept will assess the possibility of ESCOs that may enable a CO2 free Wilp, focusing on energy efficiency in housing and building integrated renewables. The work will, at first, focus on Wilp as a pilot, the resulting construction will be available for the whole of municipality of Voorst. The grant will allow the supporting of a social infrastructure for an energy community, design an institutional framework and build a collective business case for an ESCO.


The investment concept aims to develop the Smart port Waalwijk including EV shipping, EV trucking, charging stations, battery storage and sustainable terminal. The sectors targeted will be building integrated renewables, Sustainable urban mobility, Innovative energy infrastructure and Smart Grids.


Wageningen will use the support of the EUCF to develop an investment concept aiming at reducing energy consumption in the housing sector and explore the possibility to implement heat and renewable energy solutions. An ESCO will work to increase the energy standard of housing: isolation, restoration, and may include integrating renewables such as solar panels.


Measures to be financed include creating a regional 5th generation heat system covering the entire municipality, connecting the various heat clusters with each other and with customers (greenhouse horticulture and the built environment) by building a pipe network and an intelligent dynamic supply-demand parity operating system. In terms of sectors, those targeted are district heating, Innovative energy infrastructure and Smart Grids.

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1.3. Belgium

Beneficiaries: 2

The investment concept targets major energy renovation of public buildings, mainly administrative offices, municipal schools and sport facilities through retrofitting of HVAC installations with advanced regulation, relighting/re-lamping, renewable energy (heat pump, water solar heating, PV), envelope insulation, smart metering and monitoring of energy efficiency, possibly using the IPMVP protocol.


The project targets low energy retrofits of existing, co-owned condominiums. Currently, there are 16 371 flat units (39% of the residential building stock in Mechelen), of which 11 600 (71%) are built before 1990. This corresponds to approx. 1 600 existing condominiums with poor energy performance. The intended energy efficiency measures concern no-regret measures (roof insulation, high-performance windows with double glazing, facade insulation) as well as the refurbishment of the heating system. Additionally, the goal is to maximise the renewable energy production on the more recent condominium rooftops, by sharing renewable energy between co-owners via energy communities.

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1.4. Luxembourg

Beneficiaries: 0

1.5 France

Beneficiaries: 4

Grand Poitiers

The technological investments in Grand Poitiers envisaged are:

  • Installation of a photo-voltaic system on a car park covering, 1150 parking spaces (1, 6 ha).
  • The installation of 1 575 local electric charging stations (€5.5 M), which means a CO2 reduction of, 1575 t/year
  • A ‘short distribution channel electricity’ network comprising, 2200 photovoltaic installations on private roofs of Grand Poitiers’ buildings (€25 million) and a production of 15 GWh/y
  • Digital Remote Control System (Smart Grids) to calculate production and to manage the fluxes of energy though the grid.

Le Havre Seine

The project is about developing renewable energy production from photovoltaic power plants. This is fully in line with the EIB lending policy, which supports power generation and will give priority to investments that improve the flexibility of networks.

In addition to reducing the carbon footprint of the city and raising awareness on carbon neutrality objectives, the project will provide flexibility to the local electricity distribution network. The development of solar power plants allows the:
- Reconfiguration of the electricity distribution network, by
positioning the power plants at strategic points (in areas
where consumption will increase) and
- Smoothing out demands and consumption on the network
by storing the energy produced and releasing it at consumption peaks.


The investment concept in Lille aims to deploy a deep renovation model of industrial revolution houses in Northern Europe (“1930” houses). The renovation model received the Solar Decathlon Europe award in 2019. It was designed by students from Lille’s schools and universities. It is based on a healthy, inclusive and aesthetic accommodation, following the New European Bauhaus premises (environmental performance, adaptation and the aesthetics of use).

There will be a focus on the optimisation of the renovation process with building information modelling, standardisation of solutions and mutualisation. In addition, the collaboration between academia and local actors through interdisciplinary academic projects is key. The renovation model will be tested in 2022 on houses and will then be deployed on blocks and streets on grouped sites. The investment concept will specify the legal, financial and social conditions tied to the project.


At the technical level, the city of Lyon will seek to address all relevant issues: insulation of walls and roofs, change of windows, heating systems, hot water, lighting, ventilation and the production of renewable energy (heat network, heat pumps on groundwater, photovoltaic solar energy) of their building stock. The best available technology will be deployed to achieve the objective of approaching net-zero emissions.

Another method to be used is to put more emphasis on performance procurement, rather than traditional (means) procurement. Raising the standards of the tender specifications is underway and is the first step of the strategy.

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1.6. United Kingdom

Beneficiaries: 4


The investment concept focuses on the creation of smart solar PV integrated electric charging hubs to support wider adoption of electrified vehicle fleets at least cost. It will also enable high-capacity charging infrastructure by using of local generation and battery storage systems. Targeted sectors are Public Buildings, Building integrated renewables, Sustainable urban mobility and Innovative and energy infrastructure.

Durham County Council

The technological measures will be Solar PV, installed on lightweight car port structures over parking spaces, battery storage, with EV charging cabling and points, building or grid connections where needed. Green Infrastructure to enhance biodiversity will be added (feasibility study already conducted). At the scale proposed, and for County Durham, c. 12.8 MWp of solar PV would be installed over 8762 parking bays, with 77 MWh of battery storage and 434 EV charging points. The latter alone would double capacity in the County. A local authority does not typically work on projects of this size, and must increase the capacity to do so, the investment concept is the next step to take. Durham has many car parks, with lower levels of sustainable transport use than the regional and national average.


The measures assessed in the net-zero roadmap for public and commercial buildings include building integrated renewables (solar PV, heat pumps) and energy efficiency measures relating to heating, cooling and lighting. Targeted sectors encompass Public Buildings, Building integrated renewables and District heating amongst others.

Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead

The intended technology measures include: district heat networks for 2000 new homes, installation of integrated Solar PV/thermal (GSHP/ASHP package) on residential buildings using heating oil, energy efficiency (solid/cavity wall insulation, loft insulation etc.) on domestic households, renewable energy generation on domestic buildings, by solar installs (PV and/or thermal). Targeted sectors include
Public Buildings, Building integrated renewables, Residential buildings and District heating.

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1.7. Ireland

Beneficiaries: 0

1.8. Iceland

Beneficiaires: 0

1.9. Denmark

Beneficiaries: 6


In Aarhus, the focus is industrial energy efficiency. The technology development within heat pumps has in recent years reached a level where they can deliver, recover and upgrade industrial waste heat, reaching a necessary level to decarbonise thermal processes in industrial processes.

The applications range from hot water production to upgrading waste energy to be used in other industrial processes. The challenges of HTHP (heat pumps) are the integrability into the production process industry and to match the required heat demand. The HTHP seeks to substitute liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), fuel oil and natural gas with electrically powered HTHP based on a high percentage renewable energy mix. Any derivative investments in infrastructure followed by HTHP is excluded from this project.


The plan includes the development of a new infrastructure for bus transport, with three new bus routes. There will be a shuttle connection between the city and railway station using existing tracks. The cost includes rolling stock, signals, and tracks repairs amongst others. A new train station will also be built in Erritsø.

Generally, the plan is focused on creating better options for multimodal transport, including the improvement of existing transport hubs and the creation of new hubs that are flexible and attractive to use, including secure bike parking and service facilities. One of the main impacts of the project is to reduce the use of privately owned cars due to more attractive transport solutions that this project may bring.


The investments will mostly target house owners and are divided into the following categories: renovations, renewable energy and heat pumps. For home renovations, the investment concept will focus on improving the climate shell of the building and isolation (wall, roof, floor and windows). This will amount to an investment of €10.000/house. As it concerns renewable energy, there will be solar panels installed on the homes - the investment of €9.000/house is foreseen.

The last measure is the conversion of the heating system to a heat pump system. This will amount to an  Investment of €13.500/house if it concerns an individual home. In cases where an energy utility or private company builds a collective system in a village based on heat pumps, the investment will be €23.500/ house. Some house owners will implement more than one solution at the same time. In 15 municipalities, 200 house owners will choose to renovate, establish solar power and/ or change the heating system to a heat pump.


Transition to renewable energy sources by producing enough green electricity to cover the need of electricity in the municipality (citizens, public buildings, businesses and industries). The main focus is PV technologies and solar cell parks.


The investment concept will be developed for a project titled WeCARe IC. Its objective is to transition the car fleet to electro mobility through the financing of technical measures such as Electrical Vehicles (EVs) infrastructure. WeCARe IC specifically identifies four relevant types of EV chargers with different charging speeds and properties, necessary to ensure a full transition to electro mobility. These are the residential charger (used for charging Battery EVs at houses and flat buildings), a commercial charger (retail and hospitality locations), a so-called Fast charger (usable for charging BEV at high speed, e.g., at workplaces, campuses, commercial parking spaces) and an “ultra-fast charger” used for charging BEV at very high speed, e.g., at highway stops.

The grouping applied consists of the following cities and municipalities: Frederikshavn, Skive, Ringkobing-Skjern, Horsens and Sonderborg og Hoje Taastrup.


The project aims to investigate and develop options for a biogas liquefaction according to the approved SECAP action to meet the ambitious climate plan for Samsoe municipality. The project will analyse investment into the innovative microscale liquefaction processes using purification and biogas upgrading, bio methane liquefaction and potential use of “waste” CO2.

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1.10. Sweden

Beneficiaries: 1


The activities implemented will create a common investment concept for two municipalities, aiming for the organisations to be fossil-free and creating deep energy reductions. The investment concepts will cover areas pointed out as crucial to reaching local and regional targets on energy and climate.

Measures aiming for the transition of the local municipalities (known at this point):

  • Improved energy efficiency in public building stock (aiming for 30 % energy reduction)
  • Improved energy efficiency in the public housing company (aiming for 20 % energy reduction)
  • Integration of small-scale renewables in the building stock (aiming for an installed capacity of 1500 kW)
  • Conversion of municipal vehicle fleets to renewable fuels (aiming for fossil-free vehicle fleets)

Actions will also target the society at large and create changes on a system level, including the creation of an infrastructure for fast charging of heavy transports and accessibility to electric cars for passenger transports.

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1.11. Norway

Beneficiaries: 0